January 12, 2014

This Week in The Civil War, for week of Sunday, Jan. 12

Northern war strategy


Associated Press

— In wintertime 150 years ago in the Civil War, speculation arose in the North about the road ahead to the long conflict. The New York Times, in a dispatch Jan. 13, 1864, noted that the North would need to “bisect” the Confederacy if the Union were to prevail. “But there is much to do — indeed, there is much being done — which is all-important and highly essential to future operations.” The paper noted that the spring warm-up comes first to the South and a key to the Union war strategy would be laying down new supply and communications lines by rail and other means to eastern Tennessee. The paper noted that the Union’s recent victories in eastern Tennessee would make that one base for launching further strikes into the Deep South. And the paper exhorted Lincoln’s government to supply Grant with sufficient troops for the fight ahead. Said the paper: “Let the Government not fail to see to it that Gen. Grant has an army in numbers sufficient for his work ... the last fatal blow to the rebellion is to be struck by Gen. Grant.”